Keyman as mentioned above is an employee of an organization without whom the business would suffer to a certain extent. Keyman for an organization could be any of the below:-
The keyman of any organization would be decided by the organization depending on the needs and requirements of the organization. For instance any employee working on an important project without whom the project would come to a halt can be considered as a keyman. Keyman life insurance can be offered to such employees considering the value and their need for the organization. The most important thing is that the keyman insurance can even be taken by the partners of a family business where the sudden demise of any keyman can result in loss to the organization.
The eligibility to take keyman life insurance is as mentioned below
Keyman life insurance policy has certain distinctive features making it the most sought policy for business in India. The features
The main feature of keyman life insurance is that the organization can decide on whom to make the keyman. It is the wish of the organization to decide the keyman to ensure under the keyman insurance policy. Different organizations have different approaches to decide the keyman for their organizations. This facility to decide the keyman in the organization for keyman insurance is a boon to the organizations as well as the family businesses.
The other feature of keyman insurance is that the claim amount would be paid in lump sum which can be utilized by the organization to cover the losses as a result of demise of the keyman.
The other feature of keyman insurance is that the nomination of keyman insurance policy can be done only in the name of the organization which is taking the keyman insurance policy. Even Though the keyman insurance is a type of term insurance policy, the nomination in keyman insurance can only be done in the name of the organization thus making the organization beneficial. The premium would be paid by the organization and the claim would be taken by the organization.
The important feature of the keyman insurance is that there would be no restriction on the number of employees that can be covered under the keyman insurance. There would be no restriction on the number of employees to be covered under the keyman insurance policy.
The sum assured under keyman insurance is very important and it cannot be unlimited. This sum assured would be paid in lump sum amount in case of sudden demise of keyman. In this way the organization would have sufficient time and money to recruit and train another keyman to get the job done.
The sum assured under keyman would be limited to
Ten times of the keyman’s annual package
Three times the average gross profit of the organization for the past three years.
Five times the average net profit of an organization for the last three years.
There are many advantages with keyman insurance policy for the organizations which are mentioned below
The major advantage of keyman life insurance is the lump sum amount that is payable in case of sudden demise of the keyman. This lump sum amount can be used to recruit and train a new keyman in place of the demised keyman. The business continuity can be ensured with the lumpsum amount without much hiccups in case of sudden demise of the keyman.
The keyman insurance gives a sense of belonging to the employees in the organization. It means their work is being recognised by the organization. The skills employees bring to the organization are valued by the organization by taking the keyman insurance policy.
The other advantage of keyman insurance policy is that organizations can avail income tax exemption by showing the premium paid by the organization as business expenditure and enjoy tax benefits under the section 37(1) of income tax act. The claim proceedings from the keyman insurance are taxable as business income. Since the premium is paid by the organization there would be no income tax exemption given to the keyman for the premium paid under the income tax act.
The keyman insurance policy acts as a loan repayment guarantee to the organization. In case of death of the keyman the claim proceedings can be used to repay the loan taken by the organization or the keyman. For instance the loans taken by family businesses can be repaid from the claim proceedings of the keyman insurance policy. The keyman insurance policy acts as a loan repayment guarantee scheme for the organizations.
Term Life Insurance
|Definition||Term life insurance also known as pure term insurance, guarantees a certain fixed amount in case of death of the policyholder.||Keyman insurance is a form of term insurance that guarantees a fixed amount to the organization in case of death of a keyman.|
|Entry Age|| The entry age for term life insurance is:|
Minimum: 18 years
Maximum: 65 years
|The entry age for keyman insurance is above 18 years and the term would be till retirement or till the completion of contract of the keyman.|
|Term||The term of the policy would be the entry age minus 85 years.||The term of the keyman insurance would be till the completion of contract of contract employee or till the retirement of on-roll employee.|
|Eligibility||Any person earning income with sufficient proof is eligible to take term insurance.||Any person of the organization holding key skills is eligible for the keyman insurance.|
|Sum Assured||The sum assured under term insurance would be 25-30 times the annual compensation of the employee.|| The sum assured under the keyman insurance is:|
|Coverage||The term insurance policy covers the sudden demise of the insured. The claim proceedings would be paid to the nominee or legal heir of the insured.||The keyman insurance policy covers the sudden demise of the keyman. The claim proceedings would be payable to the organization.|
|Pre policy Check-up||There would be pre policy checkup depending on the underwriting criteria of any organization.||There would be pre policy checkup depending on the underwriting criteria of any organization.|
|Proposer||The proposer can either be the insured or a person with legal liability to the life insured.||The proposer in this case would be the organization taking the keyman insurance policy.|
|Premium payer||The premium of term insurance would be paid either by the insured or the proposer.||The premium of keyman insurance would be paid by the organization.|
|Claim proceedings||The claim proceedings in term life insurance policy would be given to the nominee or legal heir of the life assured.||The claim proceedings in the keyman insurance will be paid to the organization which are taxable under the income tax act.|
|Income tax exemptions||The life assured can claim income tax deductions upto Rs.1.5 Lakh under the Section 80D of the income tax act.||The organization can claim income tax benefits by showing the premium paid as a business expense.|
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